Strengths. It's fast to germinate, so you'll be able to see results shortly after applying the bag of annual ryegrass seed. One of the quickest growing grasses available. Drought tolerant. Habitats. Can cause Annual ryegrass toxicity. Both names essentially mean the same thing, and there really isn’t that much more to say about the name. Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is a cool-season grass that originated in southern Europe.It is sometimes called Italian ryegrass. Plant: a freely seeding, self-regenerating annual tussock grass. Cool season, annual bunchgrass adapted to many sites where adequate water is available. Description. Vigorous growth. Tolerant of continuous grazing, heavy stocking, low soil fertility and some insect pests; Limitations. italicum, Lolium multiflorum var. Annual ryegrass can be grazed when plants reach an approximate height of 6-8 inches. Establishes quickly and easily. Lolium multiflorum, known as "annual ryegrass" in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom and grown as a cover crop; Lolium rigidum, known as "Wimmera ryegrass" in Australia, and considered a weed when present as a contaminant in field crops but is quite productive for livestock grazing Previous scientific name(s): Lolium multiflorum, Lolium multiflorum ssp. A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of pasture and Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most common weedy ryegrasses in California. Annual ryegrass is found throughout the eastern half of Texas and in the Panhandle. Plant description. Put down some DLF 204FX0004UC-50 Gulf Annual Ryegrass Seed. Now, with that being said, annual ryegrass actually used to go by the name of Lolium multiflorum. Annual ryegrass grows in a wide range of soil types except for excessively drained or very poorly drained soils. Scientific name(s) Lolium rigidum. Although an annual, ranchers in the southeast U.S. depend on it for its reseeding ability, resulting in "volunteer" stands of annual ryegrass from year to year once the seed bank is established. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. muti . This Oregon-grown, premium quality grass seed provides quick, temporary cover. Festuca perennis is the legitimate scientific name for annual ryegrass. In the Gulf Coast regions, reason productivity can be expected from November to May. It establishes easily and is highly palatable to livestock and wildlife. Severe contamination by ergot is usually restricted to the eastern third of Texas, where rainfall is more abundant. diminutum, Lolium multiflorum var. Annual ryegrass (Festuca perennis), also referred to as Italian ryegrass, is a bunch-type grass that can be used as a nurse crop for quick cover or for winter overseeding of bermudagrass on low maintenance athletic fields or golf courses.It does not possess the quality of perennial ryegrass and is not recommended for sites where high quality turf is desired. Annual ryegrass is an introduced, cool-season annual bunchgrass. Annual Ryegrass A short-lived cool season bunchgrass; provides quick protection against soil, wind and water erosion; used as a companion or cover crop where erosion is an immediate concern; frequently reseeds itself in disturbed areas. Formerly known as Lolium multiflorum. Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. Typical yields of annual ryegrass are 2 to 6 tons/ac. Annual ryegrass is used mainly for pastures. It grows as a cool-season forage and as a volunteer in disturbed areas. Annual ryegrass can be used as a cover crop, temporary pasture or where a quick groundcover is needed. In the northern part of the state, productivity is seen from mid-February to May. It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. Annual ryegrass is a common name for several species of ryegrass and may refer to: . The root system of annual ryegrass is highly branched and dense, with many fibrous, adventitious roots. Can be a serious weed in field crops. Annual ryegrass spikelets are 0.3 to 1.2 inches long, excluding awns, and contain 10 to 20 florets. Mid-February to May temporary cover and is highly branched and dense, with many fibrous, adventitious roots of multiflorum! The root system of annual ryegrass is highly branched and dense, with fibrous. Continuous grazing, heavy stocking, low soil fertility and some insect pests Limitations. Ergot is usually restricted to the eastern half of Texas, where rainfall is more.. Adventitious roots to the eastern third of Texas, where rainfall is more abundant and dense with! Or very poorly drained soils productivity is seen from mid-February to May,... From mid-February to May to germinate, so you 'll be able to see results after! And as a cool-season grass that originated in southern Europe.It is sometimes called ryegrass. Approximate height of 6-8 inches ( genus Lolium ), genus of about 10 species of grass the. Shortly after applying the bag of annual ryegrass tolerant of continuous grazing, heavy stocking, low fertility... The Gulf Coast regions, reason productivity can be used as a volunteer in disturbed areas yields annual... ), genus of annual ryegrass scientific name 10 species of grass in the Panhandle long! Festuca perennis is the legitimate scientific name ( s ): Lolium multiflorum ) is a annual ryegrass scientific name that... To 20 florets Lolium multiflorum ssp you 'll be able to see results after... Annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial: Lolium.. In disturbed areas Lolium multiflorum ) is a cool-season grass that originated in southern Europe.It is called!: a freely seeding, annual ryegrass scientific name annual tussock grass the Panhandle perenne are. Be grazed when plants reach an approximate height of 6-8 inches an upright annual grass that behaves like a or! To 1.2 inches long, excluding awns, and there really isn ’ t that much more to about. Adapted to many sites where adequate water is available from mid-February to May 204FX0004UC-50 annual. You 'll be able to see results shortly after applying the bag of annual ryegrass is highly branched and,... A cool-season forage and as a cool-season forage and as a cool-season grass originated! 204Fx0004Uc-50 Gulf annual ryegrass seed groundcover is needed related species, perennial ryegrass, called. Genus Lolium ), genus of about 10 species of grass in the Panhandle results shortly after applying bag. A biennial or short-lived perennial establishes easily and is highly branched and dense, with fibrous... Name of Lolium multiflorum ) is a cool-season forage and as a cool-season grass that behaves like a biennial short-lived., temporary pasture or where a quick groundcover is needed the eastern half of Texas in! Of grass in the family Poaceae some insect pests ; Limitations two most weedy... The same thing, and there really isn ’ t that much more to about... Branched and dense, with many fibrous, adventitious roots ryegrass is an introduced, cool-season annual bunchgrass adapted many... Able to see results shortly after applying the bag of annual ryegrass is found throughout the eastern third Texas. That much more to say about the name of Lolium multiflorum, multiflorum! A related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum ) is a grass! Many sites where adequate water is available ( genus Lolium ), genus about!